Bunions are bony bumps on the joint at the base of big toes. Bunions may cause the big toe to push against the next toe possibly causing discomfort. The skin over the bunion can become inflamed, swollen and sore.
Symptoms include a large bump at the base of the big toe, swelling, redness or soreness around the big toe joint, possible corns or calluses when the first and second toes overlap, and persistent or intermittent pain. Some patients with arthritis experience restricted movement of the big toe. Not all people with bunions experience pain, but may experience pressure when wearing tight shoes.
Risk factors include wearing high heels or shoes that are too tight. Bunions are often hereditary, caused by pronation. Rheumatoid arthritis sufferers have a higher incidence of bunions.
People with specific foot types or some foot injuries are more likely to develop bunions. High heeled shoes or too tight shoes may make an already existing bunion worse. Arthritis may also lead to an increased likelihood of suffering from bunions.
Putting an ice pack on the bunion or taking anti-inflammatory medication can provide short term relief. Cortisone injections may be an option. Long term treatment options exist including changing shoes to ones that reduce stress on the big toe joint, adding pads or taping feet to reduce stress, and special shoe inserts. Surgical options exist if other treatments provide insufficient relief.
The Concierge Podiatry Advantage
Although surgical repair of bunions is a common podiatric treatment, at Concierge Podiatry we specialize in using the latest techniques. Unlike earlier operations which required long periods of non-weight bearing and rest for severe cases, the newest surgical procedures resolve most cases making it possible for patients to quickly return to their activities.
- Contact Concierge Podiatry for an appointment
- Learn more about treatment options often used to treat this issue