Foot and Ankle Injuries
Common injuries include the following:
- Achilles Rupture - An Achilles rupture occurs when the calf muscle tendon, a band of fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscles in the back of the leg to the heel bone behind the leg and heal bone, is torn.
- Achilles Tendinitis - Achilles tendinitis is an injury to the Achilles tendon, a fiber bundle that connects the calf muscle to the heel in the back of the leg.
- Ankle Sprain - Ankle sprain is what happens when the ankle joint is put under strain that causes the joint to bend or flex in a specific direction more than it should.
- Ball and Foot Pain (Metatarsalgia) - Ball and foot pain is a collection of symptoms that describe pain in the ball of the foot. The medical term is metatarsalgia.
- Calcaneal Apophysitis (Pediatric issue) - Calcaneal apophysitis, also called “Sever’s disease” is a painful inflammation in children of the growth plate at the back of the heel.
- Chronic Ankle Instability - Chronic ankle instability is defined as repeated ankle sprains with many instances of the ankle “giving way.”
- Crossover Toe - Crossover toe occurs when a toe or multiple toes are positioned over another toe. In most cases, it’s the second toe that crosses over the big toe.
- Fractures of the Foot - Fractures of the foot are broken bones in the foot usually caused by a fall, a dropped object or a crash.
- Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis) - Plantar fasciitis is heel pain that is the result of an inflammation of a band of tissue running under the foot that connects from the heel bone to the toes.
- Osteochondritis - Osteochondritis, sometimes called Osteochondritis dissecans, is a painful joint condition which can affect any joint including the arch and the ankle.
- Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD) - Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD) is often called adult acquired flatfoot. The posterior tibial tendon attaches the calf muscle to the bones on the inside of the foot.
- Sesamoid Injuries - Injuries to sesamoids, two pea-shaped bones located beneath the big toe joint, include over-extended big toe (turf toe), fracture from overuse or injury, and sesamoiditis.
- Shin Splints - The term shin splints refers to pain along the shin bone (tibia), the large bone in the front of the leg.
- Stress Fracture of the Foot - Stress fractures are tiny cracks in bones mainly caused by repetitive force or overuse.