Foot and Ankle Deformities

Learn more about medical issues of the foot and ankle caused by skeletal and other physical differences:

  • Accessory Navicular Syndrome - An accessory navicular is an extra bone located on the inner side of the foot just above the arch. Accessory navicular syndrome is caused when it rubs against shoes causing pain.
  • Arthritic Big Toe (Hallux Rigidus) - An arthritic big toe causes stiffening of the toe which can make walking painful and more difficult.
  • Bunions - Bunions are bony bumps on the joint at the base of big toes. They can cause the big toe to push against the next toe which may or may not cause discomfort.
  • Crossover Toe - Crossover toe occurs when a toe or multiple toes are positioned over another toe.  In most cases, it’s the second toe that crosses over the big toe.
  • Haglund’s Deformity - Haglund’s deformity is a bony enlargement on the back of the heel which can lead to pain if the soft tissue in the nearby Achilles tendon becomes irritated.
  • Hammertoe - A hammertoe is a deformity that causes a toe to bend or curl downward instead of pointing forward.
  • Pediatric Flatfoot - Pediatric flatfoot is a deformity where the arch of the foot of a child is collapsed.
  • Shin Splints - The term shin splints refers to pain along the shin bone (tibia), the large bone in the front of the leg.
  • Tailor’s Bunion (Bunionette) - Tailor’s bunion (bunionette) is an inflammation of the bone at the base of the little toe.